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Vous êtes dans le forum : Terminale Révisions BAC - Langues  
Synthèse anglais, notion of progress
Envoyé par: Popy (Adresse IP conservée)
Date: mer. 22 février 2017 12:04:16

Bonjour, quelqu'un pourrait me corriger les fautes et la grammaire de ma synthèse svp?
Merci


Well, then let me consider the following notion "The Idea of progress".
First let me try and give a simple definition of this notion. Progress can be defined as an improvement, a development or a change - a technical, scientific or social advance which contributes to making the world a better place, and the idea of it means that you imagine something that should supposedly be an improvement in society.
In relation to this notion, the topic of my presentation will be designer babies. Thus, we may wonder what kind of progress is illustrated by designer babies?
My presentation will fall into 2 parts : first, the scientific progress and then the social progress.


I_ Scientific progress
First, designer babies are a form of scientific progress. Indeed, not today but in a near future we will be able to choose the characteristic of our babies. It is indeed what the document « A baby, please! » teaches us. In this extract of article, the Los Angeles Fertility Institute announces that it soon will give the possibility to couples of being able to choose all the characteristics of their child (like eye colour or hair colour).
How will this be possible? This will be it thanks to science. This technique of genetical selection is called PGD : Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis. It consists to creating embryos in a lab by fertilizing a woman’s egg with sperm. Then the doctor modifies genes to create the perfect baby, according to your criteria.
On one hand, in the second part of the second document “Ok Maria” we can see that this technique could be beneficial. In fact, it is useful for the fertile couples, who can’t have a child “naturally”. Moreover, in case where one of the parents carries a genetic disease, it could be screen with PGD. Another consideration could be the case of creating a saviour sibling to save his sick sibling.
On the other hand, progress isn’t always beneficial. The author of the document is against PGD. There is some unethical sides to it and we are not playing God, physical traits are not a priority. She disagrees the selfish and personal uses of PGD. I think that one should not misuse this technique.


II _ Social progress
Then, I can observe that designer baby could bring a social progress. In the third document “Human possibilities”, an extract of the movie “Gattaca”, Maria et Antonio are at the geneticist to talk about their future child. The geneticist has to eradicate unwanted diseases like myopia, alcoholism and addictive susceptibility, propensity for violence, and more. Thus, with many designed babies the world will be a better place. There will be less automobile accidents because of alcohol or less aggressions for examples. With the modification of genes, the perfection could be reached. There are no limits anymore. Babies will be more intelligent, more beautiful, without any disease, they will be simply better. Mankind improves.
But this progress could have the adverse effect. Indeed, PGD is very expansive so there will be only the rich families which will be able to allow themselves to have designed baby. That will create a separation between the kids at school for example.
Moreover, like Maria said, it is a question of ethic which is posed. When this technique will be available for everyone, it will be necessary to regulate it.
In my opinion, designer babies could be a good thing if it is to use reasonably. It should be use only to screen diseases, in case of fertile couple or to create a saviour sibling only.


To conclude, designer baby illustrates the scientific progress and a social progress. It is impossible today to designed our baby as I described it before, but it will be soon possible. We will need to use it carefully. That made progress our society but the progress brings a batch of danger.




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